Albany is the county seat of Dougherty County, Georgia. The city had an estimated population of 75,394 as of 2005. This area was once inhabited by the Creek Indians and was named after Albany, New York in 1836. Historically, the Albany Movement played an important role in the Civil Rights Movement. The former Mt. Zion Baptist Church is now the home of the Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum.
Albany is sometimes called the "Pecan Capital of the World" and the "Quail Hunting Capital of the World." While the city is still surrounded by Pecan Groves and other plantations and farms, its economy is no longer dependent upon agriculture. Today, the city's main industries are education, health care, transportation and manufacturing. Darton College and Albany State University, a historically black university, are both part of the University System of Georgia.
Albany is home to the Fall on the Flint Festival, a September event that features live entertainment, cultural exhibits, athletic contests and a parade. The Chehaw Native American Festival, an annual spring Home and Garden show, as well as other exciting events also occur annually, drawing residents and visitors alike. Attractions in Albany include The Parks at Chehaw (an accredited zoo), the Riverquarium Imagination Theater, and the Albany Museum of Art. Albany also has its own ballet troupe, theater company and symphony orchestra.