Rich in history, Cheyenne, Wyoming is not only the state capital and the county seat of Laramie County, it is also the most populated city in the state. The city was named after the Cheyenne Indian tribe native to the area. A division point for the United Pacific Railroad, Cheyenne began as a supply depot and grew quickly into a prosperous town. By 1885 it was officially known as the “Wall Street of the West” due to it's wealth stemming from the cattle industry. Cheyenne was, at this time, the richest city per capita in the world. Today the cattle and sheep industry remains strong in Cheyenne.
More than just a rural farming state, Cheyenne has a long history of being ahead of the curve in terms of civil rights. Deemed the Equality State, Cheyenne and the Wyoming Territory had by 1869 allowed women to vote, own property and hold public office. It was 51 years before the Constitution guaranteed the rest of the United State's women these rights. The first female Justice of the Peace and the first female governor in the United States were both in Cheyenne.
Attractions in Cheyenne include the Cheyenne Street Railway Trolley which offers historic tours though the city that detail the excitement of Cheyenne's early days. The Cheyenne Frontier Days are a major rodeo circuit event which now includes a carnival and a performance by the Thunderbirds (the U.S. Air Force's precision flying squad). With some 500,000 tourists in attendance, the population of Cheyenne doubles during the Frontier Days.
One of the most renowned sites are the Cheyenne Botanical Garden, a nine acre garden run largely by volunteers. The gardens feature a solar heated and powered conservatory. The only public garden in Wyoming, it has won three presidential awards: "Exemplary Volunteerism" from President Reagan, "83 Point of Light Award" from President George H. W. Bush, and the “American Entrepreneurial Leadership Award from Partners for Liveable Communities” in association with President Clinton.