Cincinnati, a city in southwestern Ohio, has an estimated population of 331,310 (2005), which makes it the third largest city in the state. It was the first major inland city in the country and therefore is referred to as the first purely American city. Cincinnati was founded in 1788 and officially named in 1790 by Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati, of which he was a member. The society honored General George Washington and to this day, Cincinnati in particular, and Ohio in general, are home to a large number of descendants of Revolutionary War soldiers who were granted lands in the state. Cincinnati has a number of nicknames, including the "The Queen City," but commonly "Cincy" is used by locals.
The city's location on the Ohio River created the first major American "boomtown," rapidly expanding in the heart of the country in the early nineteenth century to rival the coastal metropolis in size and wealth. Today, Cincinnati is also known for the distinction of having the largest collection of nineteenth-century Italianate architecture in the country, most of which are located in the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood, the largest National Historic District in the United States. Cincinnati is home to numerous other structures, noteworthy due to their architectural characteristics or historic associations. Cincinnati also boasts Fountain Square, which is surrounded by the city's tallest buildings and the most recent revitalization project named "The Banks."
Cincinnati is home to several major corporations including The Kroger Company, Procter & Gamble, GE, Federated Department Stores, Convergys, Chiquita Brands International, Great American Insurance Company, The E. W. Scripps Company, the United States Playing Card Company, and Fifth Third Bank. Statistically, Greater Cincinnati ranks sixth in the U.S. with 4.98 Fortune 500 companies per million residents, and fourth in the U.S. with 8.96 Fortune 1000 companies per million residents. Forbes Magazine identifies the region as one of the "Best Places for Business and Careers" and Inc. Magazine ranked Cincinnati among the top 25 large metro areas to start a business.
Cincinnati is home to numerous festivals and events throughout the year including the Cincinnati Flower Show, which is claimed to be the biggest outdoor Flower Show in the United States. Other festivals and city events are Oktoberfest, a summer Jazz festival, the Tall Stacks, the Festival of Lights, and MidPoint Music Festival. The city is also known for its unique cuisine, like "Cincinnati Chili that is served by independent chains such as Gold Star Chili, Empress Chili, and Dixie Chili.