As of 2005, Dayton had an estimated 158,873 residents. The greater Dayton metropolitan area includes the communities of Vandalia, Trotwood, Kettering, Centerville, Beavercreek, West Carrollton, Huber Heights, Troy, and Miamisburg, with a combined population of 843,577. Dayton is located within the Miami Valley region of Ohio, just north of the Cincinnati metropolitan area. Founded in 1796 and incorporated in 1805, the city was named after Jonathan Dayton, a captain in the American Revolutionary War and signer of the U.S. Constitution. The Miami and Erie Canal, built in the 1830s, connected Dayton commerce from Lake Erie via the Great Miami River and served as the principal route of transportation for Western Ohio until the 1850s.
Dayton has played host to significant industrial, aerospace, and technological/engineering research activity and is known for the many technical innovations and inventions developed. The city was the home of the Wright brothers, poet Paul Laurence Dunbar, and entrepreneur John H. Patterson. The Dayton area is also home to several major international, national, and regional corporations, including NCR, Reynolds & Reynolds, Liberty Bank, NewPage Corporation, Standard Register, WorkflowOne, Huffy Bicycles, LexisNexis, and MeadWestvaco.From November 1st to the 21st, 1995, the city was the site of international negotiations between Bosnian and Yugoslavian parties to strike the peace accord known as the Dayton Agreement. Negotiations took place at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton.
History, culture and recreation can be found at the Dayton Art Institute, The National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, and The Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, which commemorates the achievements of Dayton natives Orville and Wilbur Wright and Paul Laurence Dunbar. At the SunWatch Indian Village and Archaeological Park, a 12th century American Indian village has been partially reconstructed along with a museum housing a comprehensive collection of the indigenous history of the Miami Valley. Dayton is also home to a variety of performing arts venues that include The Benjamin and Marian Schuster Performing Arts Center, the Dayton Philharmonic Orchestra, the Dayton Opera, the Schuster Center, Victoria Theatre, and The Loft Theatre- home of the Human Race Theatre Company.