Hawaii, US (Population: 1,285,498)
State Capital: Honolulu Sid Fernandez (1962- ) Pitcher for the New York Mets that won the World Series in 1986; born in Honolulu.
Bette Midler (1945-) Actress and singer; born in Honolulu
Harold Sakata (1920-1982) Actor
Tia Carrere Actress and Singer
Major Cities: Honolulu, Hilo, Kailua, Kaneohe, Waipahu, Pearl City, Waimalu, Mililani, Kahului, Kihei
State Nickname/Motto: : The Aloha State / Ua mau ke ea o ka aina I ka pono (The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness)
Statehood Granted: August, 21, 1959
History: The first inhabitants of Hawaii were from Polynesia and Tahiti. The islands were ruled by local chiefs until 1872 when the chief Kamehameha began to take over the islands. By 1810 all of Hawaii was under his rule. From 1810 to 1893, Hawaii was an Independent Kingdom. During this time, American companies built plantations on the islands, growing pineapple and sugarcane. In 1898 the United States annexed Hawaii and in 1900 it was made an official US territory. The historic bombing of Pearl Harbor brought American into WWII. Since statehood was issued in 1959, Hawaii's population has doubled.
Geography: Highest point: Mauna Kea, 13,796 ft. Hawaii has eight main islands which are the tops of a chain of volcanic islands.
Ethnic Diversity: One Race (79%), White (24.9%), Black or African American (2%), American Indian and Alaska Native (0.3%), Asian(42%), Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (8.3%), Some other race (1.3%), Two or more races (21%), Hispanic or Latino (8%)*
Famous State People:
Major Colleges/Universities: University of Hawaii, University of Nations, Argosy University, Hawaii Pacific University, HawaiiTokai International College, Honolulu University, Brigham Young University- Hawaii, Chaminade University of Hawaii
State Parks: Haleakala National Park, Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site, Kalaupapa National Historic Park, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historic Park, Hanauma Bay State Underwater Park, He'eia State Park, Ka'ena Point State Park, 'Akaka Falls State park, Lapakahi State Historical Park, Wailuku River State Park, Ha'ena State park, Koke'e State Park, Na Pali Coast State Park, Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park, Waimea Canyon State Park, Makena State Park, Wai'anapanapa State Park, Pala'au State park
Misc: The telecommunication system in Hawaii is the most advanced system in the world with 100% digital switching for telephones and more fiber optic cable per mile than any other state. It is also considered the endangered species capital of the US.
*U.S. Census - 2005