High Point, with an estimated population of 92,000 (2005), owes its name to the fact that it was the highest point on the North Carolina Railroad between Charlotte and Goldsboro in 1856. The easy access of the city contributed to early growth in the timber, tobacco, and textile industries, which have translated into the city's present day designation as a center for furniture, textile, and bus manufacturing. Known as the "Furniture Capital of the World" and North Carolina's "International City" because of its bi-annual High Point Market. This trade show attracts 150,000 exhibitors and buyers from around the world. The city is now home to several major employers to include Bank of America, Thomas Built Buses, Mannington Mills, Marsh Furniture Company, Aetna, Polo-Ralph Lauren, NCO Group Inc., Tyco Electronic, and Cornerstone Health.
The city is also known as an early center for religious freedom, beginning as early as the mid-eighteenth century as a refuge for Pennsylvania Quakers. They came to the region in search of an opportunity to create a principled and ordered community. Their core convictions were values of community and equality that led to the development of specialized trades and early educational systems that were the foundations for the future growth of the region.
High Point's citizens through the years have demonstrated their pride and dedication to building and maintaining their civil pride and cultural sophistication. From distinctive cosmopolitan architecture to its city parks and public areas, the city is a testament to the community's progressive spirit.