Killeen, directly adjacent to Fort Hood, has an estimated population of 100,233 (2005). From its early start in 1872 as a primarily agricultural region to a city supported mainly by the U.S. Army and the numerous businesses in support of military operations, Killeen has seen many boom and bust periods.
After the completion of two rail lines and the construction of several bridges over Cowhouse Creek and other streams, Killeen's trade area doubled. However, until 1942, when Camp Hood was established, Killeen remained a relatively small and isolated farm trade center. After the building of the Camp, the economy drastically changed from agricultural to a military boom town as thousands of workers, soldiers, and their families moved to the city. Over the years the base was closed and reopened several times, creating economic distress when jobs were no longer available in support of the facilities and logistics.
Most of the city's attractions and nightlife caters to the military community. Therefore, there are a wide variety of shopping areas, bars, and nightclubs dotted throughout the city. Killeen will become home to a professional basketball team in 2008, the Killeen Eagles, when the United Basketball League's Central Texas Diplomats take to the court.