Manchester is the largest city in the state of New Hampshire, with an estimated population of 110,000 (2005). Originally named by the Pennacook Indians "Amoskeag," meaning "good fishing place," a reference to Amoskeag Falls on the Merrimack River, the new city became an important mill town. This was made possible by the engineering of water wheels that powered flour and fiber spinning mills. Although these mills have long been inactive or gone entirely, increasing interest in historical restoration of the Amoskeag Millyard by residents and developers has brought upscale shopping, dining and entertainment locations.
Like most New England towns, Manchester has a long, rich history that it is proud to preserve and offer to the public. Cultural landmarks in the area include the Palace Theatre, the Currier Museum of Art, the Manchester Historic Association Millyard Museum, The Massabesic Audubon Center, and the Amoskeag Fishways Learning and Visitor's Center. Other points of interest in the area include the SEE Science Center, Verizon Wireless Arena, the New Hampshire Symphony (housed at the Palace Theatre), and the Opera League of New Hampshire.Also of note is Valley Cemetery which, since 1841, has been the resting place of numerous prominent citizens. The cemetery is an early example of a garden style burial ground.
In recent years there has been increasing redevelopment of the historic Amoskeag Millyard, with many retail stores and restaurants now located there along Commercial and Bedford Streets. There are a variety of stores and restaurants to visit in the district. The Red Arrow, one of the top ten diners in the country, is located downtown.