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New Hampshire, US (Population: 1,314,895)
State Capital: Concord

Major Cities: Manchester, Nashua, Concord, Derry, Rochester, Salem, Dover, Merrimack, Londonderry, Hudson

State Nickname/Motto: : The Granite State / Live Free or Die

Statehood Granted: June 21, 1788

History: The Abenaki and Pennacook tribes were inhabiting the area that became New Hampshire when European settlement and exploration began in the 1600s. In 1776, New Hampshire was the first state to declare independence from Great Britain by establishing a separate government. New Hampshire was later the 9th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. Portsmouth, a harbor city in New Hampshire, played an important role in the Civil War and both World Wars.

Geography: New Hampshire has a short coastline (18 miles) and four islands off of the coast. The Piscataqua River and its tributaries flow into the Atlantic at Portsmouth, the state's only major ocean port. Inland, it is one of the most heavily forested states in the US. Other major rivers include the Marrimack and the Connecticut River. Northern New Hampshire is graced by the White Mountains. Mount Washington, at 6,288 feet, is the highest point in the Northeast.

Ethnic Diversity: One Race (99%), White (95.5%), Black or African American (0.8%), American Indian and Alaska Native (0.4%), Asian (0.8%), Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (0%) Some other race (0.6%), Two or more races (1%), Hispanic or Latino (2.2)*

Famous State People:
  • Robert Frost (1874-1963) Famous poet who won four Pulitzer Prizes; lived in Fraconia and Derry.
  • Alan B. Shepard 1923-1998) The first man in space, Shepard orbited the earth in 1961; born in East Derry.
  • Franklin Pierce (1804-1969) The 14th president of the United States; born in Hillsborough.
  • Henry Wilson (1812-1875) Vice President of the United States under President Grant, born in Farmington.
  • John Irving (1942-) Famous author; born in Exeter.
  • Christa McAugliffe Teacher from New Hampshire that died in the Challenger explosion in 1986.
  • Eleanor PorterChildren's author; born in Littleton
  • Eleazar Wheelock Founder and first president of Dartmouth College.

  • Major Colleges/Universities: Antioch University of New England, chester College of New England, Colby-Sawyer College, Granite State College, Daniel Webster College, Dartmouth College, Franklin Pierce College, Franklin Pierce Law Center, Hesser College, Lebanon College, McIntosh College, New England College, Southern New Hampshire University, Rivier College, Saint Anselm College, The Thomas More College of Liberal Arts, University of New Hampshire, Keene State College, Plymouth State University, University of New Hampshire at Manchester

    State Parks: The state park system is divided into regions which include the Great North Woods Region, the White Mountain Region, Lakes Region, Merrimack Valley Region, Monadnock Region, and the Seacoast Region, of which are home to many parks. National Parks in the area include: Appalachian National Scenic Trail, Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site, and White Mountain National Forest.

    Misc: Each August, New Hampshire hosts one of the largest music festivals in New England, Soulfest, which is held at Gunstock Mountain Resort. Winter sports such as skiing are another of New Hampshire's big attractions. Those venturing up into the heights of the mountains must exercise caution, however. The recorded winds at Mount Washington often exceed the speed of hurricane-force gales.

    *U.S. Census - 2005