Pittsburgh, built between the Allegheny, Ohio and Monongahela rivers, is the Allegany County seat and the second largest city in Pennsylvania. The city's growth and evolution began as a strategic community of Haudenasaunee (Iroquois-Six Nations). It quickly evolved into a military outpost for European armies, a gateway to the Ohio Territory after the American Revolution to the modern era of an economic, cultural, academic, transportational, and service hub of the western half the tri-state area of Ohio, West Virginia and Pennsylvania.
The declining population after collapse of the area's coal and steel industry had a serious impact on the community as a whole. However, with the direction of long-time residents, the city underwent a prideful renaissance. Pittsburgh's economy shifted to healthcare, education, technology, and financial services. Other factors in the revitalization of the area, was low cost of living, the educational and cultural infrastructures, and the multiple designation as one of the nation's most livable cities.
Pittsburgh is renowned for its eclectic performing and visual arts culture. From its early beginnings, it was supported by wealthy businessmen and nonprofit organizations who donated millions of dollars to create educational and cultural institutions. These include, Carnegie Museums, Frick Art & Historical Center, the Art Gardens of Pittsburgh and professional music venue Heinz Hall, where the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra performs. The Benedum Center and Heinz Hall are venues for the River City Brass Band and the Pittsburgh Youth Symphony Orchestra. The city has a long tradition of supporting classical and independent jazz, blues, bluegrass and punk rock musicians like opera singer Leontyne Price. From film to theater, Pittsburgh has maintained a designation as one of the oldest and largest media arts centers in the United States. Other points of interest are the National Aviary, Phipps Conservatory & Botanical Gardens, the Botanic Garden of Western Pennsylvania and Rodef Shalom Biblical Botanical Gardens.