With a population of 201,823 (2006), San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County. Named in 1810, this city is one of the oldest in California. Exploring the history of the city begins with the early Indian inhabitants of the area and can be traced through the Missionary Period, the Ranchero Period through the California Gold Rush and the arrival of the railroad system. The city carries the nicknames “the Friendly City” and the “City on the Move.”
San Bernardino's fairs and festivals offer year-round entertainment. The major events include the Route 66 Rendezvous, a classic automobile event; and the National Orange Show, a citrus crop event that dates back to 1915. Other events include a Cinco de Mayo celebration, an anuual Mother's Day concert, a Christmas Concert, a Harvest Festival and much more.
Other great cultural opportunities include performances by the California Theater of Performing Arts and the San Bernardino Symphony. The local nightlife scene also offers plenty of live music and dancing. Fans of the outdoors will enjoy a stay in one of the mountain resorts. Biking, hiking, boating, skiing are all popular activities in the area. In education, California State University at San Bernardino is located here, as is the San Bernardino Valley College, a public community college.