Winston-Salem, located in Forsyth County, North Carolina, has an estimated 203,259 full-time residents which makes it the fifth largest city in the state. The origin of the town of Salem dates back to January 1753, when Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg, on behalf of the Moravian church, selected a settlement site in the three forks of Muddy Creek. He called this area "die Wachau" (Latin form: Wachovia) - which is now used by Wachovia Bank, founded in The Triangle Area. The city is also known as the "Twin City" for its dual-town heritage and "Camel City" after a local R.J. Reynolds cigarette brand. In 1849 the town of Winston was founded and named after a local hero of the Revolutionary War, Joseph Winston. Shortly thereafter both Winston and Salem were incorporated into the newly formed Forsyth County. In 1889, the United States Post Office Department combined the mail offices for the two towns, and the towns were officially joined as "Winston-Salem" in 1913.
The town of Winston was originally named Bethabara and Historic Bethabara, and the Old Salem sites are now the oldest city attractions. Another historical attraction is Reynolda Village, which includes Reynolda Gardens and the Reynolda House Museum of American Art. Other sites of interest include the Horne Creek Historic Farm, Tanglewood Park, the SciWorks educational facility, SECCA, the Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art.
Winston-Salem is the home of Dell Computers, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco corporation, Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, Inc., Southern Community Bank and Trust, Branch Banking and Trust Company (BB&T), Blue Rhino, TW Garner Food Company (makers of Texas Pete), HanesBrands, Inc., and Lowes Foods Stores, Inc.
Local museums display important portions of Winston-Salem's heritage. Most famous of Winston-Salem's museums is Old Salem, a living history museum centered on the main Moravian settlement founded in 1766. Other historic collections can be found at the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts, the Reynolda House Museum of American Art, and the Wake Forest University Museum of Anthropology. Winston-Salem is also known for its appreciation of the arts. It formed the country's first arts council in 1949. Member organizations include the North Carolina School of the Arts, the Piedmont Opera Theater, the Winston-Salem Symphony, the Stevens Center for the Performing Arts, and the Sawtooth Center for Visual Arts. There are many galleries and workshops in the city's art district centered at Sixth and Trade Streets. Winston-Salem is also home to one of the largest 'Indie' music & art scenes in the state. The Wherehouse- a local hang-out, artists' residence, and theatre- is the center of this growing genre.